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Author(s)Team Twiizers
TypeSystem tool

MINI Is Not IOS -- but it is a limited replacement that can fulfill many low-level tasks that IOS might interfere with. The name is an allusion to GNU, which stands for "GNU's Not Unix"

It was developed alongside BootMii as a replaceable Starlet executable, however, it was made mostly redundant by the Homebrew Channel and AHBPROT. There are still a few features that cannot be achieved that way, such as arbitrary ARM execution without exploits or NAND modification.

Code from MINI was later re-used for m1n1 as part of a project to boot Linux on the Apple M1.

Homebrew using MINI


  • Light-weight -- binary is approximately 50kbytes, 11,673 lines of code as of first release
  • Mostly IRQ driven :)
  • Supports debug output over the GPIO pins and USBGecko
  • Supports loading both ARM and PPC-side binaries over USBGecko (ala Wiiload)
  • Allows any memory address to be peeked or poked from the PPC (via IPC)
  • Contains drivers for the following hardware:
    • AES Engine
    • SDHC (at the sector level, or can load a file from a FAT FS on SD)
    • NAND (read/write at the physical level)
    • PowerPC (can read a PPC ELF file from SD into memory, and kickstart execution on the PPC)
  • Not dependent on IOS in any way -- as long as you can run it, it can do whatever it wants, regardless of what security features Nintendo patches into newer versions of IOS.


  • No real kernel architecture; no threading model, but most calls are asynchronous
  • No USB support (including Bluetooth for Wiimotes)
  • No WiFi support
  • No NAND FS support
  • No audio/visual capability (hardware limitation)

All registers are exposed over IPC, so some or all of the missing driver functionality could conceivably be implemented on the PPC side. Note that this cannot execute at the same time as IOS; you can only have one or the other executing at any point in time. Switching back and forth between the two is left as an exercise for the developer.

Since the discovery of the AHBPROT register, MINI enables direct PPC access to all devices. It is often used together with Wii Linux to enable full hardware functionality and performance.

IPC documentation

IPC messages take the following format:

struct {
    u32 code;
    u32 tag;
    u32 args[6];
Command Description
IPC_SYS_PING Simply pings the Starlet for testing.
IPC_SYS_JUMP Shuts down MINI and jumps to the code passed.
IPC_SYS_GETVERS Fetches the MINI version.
IPC_SYS_GETGITS Fetches MINI's Git version.
IPC_NAND_RESET Disables and re-enables the NAND Interface.
IPC_NAND_GETID Retrieves the NAND's physical ID.
IPC_NAND_STATUS Sends the GETSTATUS command to the NAND.
IPC_NAND_READ Reads a raw page from the NAND.
IPC_NAND_WRITE Writes a raw page to the NAND.
IPC_NAND_ERASE Erases a block on the NAND.
IPC_NAND_SETMINPAGE Changes the lowest writable page enforced by MINI to prevent accidental bricking.
IPC_NAND_GETMINPAGE Fetches the lowest writable page enforced by MINI.
IPC_SDHC_DISCOVER Initializes the SDHC handler.
IPC_SDHC_EXIT Shuts off the SDHC handler.
IPC_SDMMC_ACK Clears the "new SD card" flag, resulting in IPC_SDMMC_STATE returning SDMMC_INSERTED instead of SDMMC_NEW_CARD.
IPC_SDMMC_READ Reads raw data from the front SD card.
IPC_SDMMC_WRITE Writes raw data to the front SD.
IPC_SDMMC_STATE Returns whether there is no SD card (SDMMC_NO_CARD), a card inserted since the last IPC_SDMMC_ACK (SDMMC_NEW_CARD), or a card inserted before the last IPC_SDMMC_ACK (SDMMC_INSERTED).
IPC_SDMMC_SIZE Returns the number of sectors in the front SD.
IPC_KEYS_GETOTP Returns the cached OTP keys.
IPC_KEYS_GETEEP Returns the cached SEEPROM keys.
IPC_AES_RESET Sends a reset signal to the AES engine.
IPC_AES_SETIV Sends the contents to be AES-decrypted to the AES engine.
IPC_AES_SETKEY Sets the AES key used for decryption.
IPC_AES_DECRYPT Decrypts the contents in the AES engine.
IPC_BOOT2_RUN Shuts down MINI and launches boot2.
IPC_BOOT2_TMD Fetches the TMD of boot2.
IPC_PPC_BOOT Reboots the Broadway to a location in memory.
IPC_PPC_BOOT_FILE Similar to IPC_PPC_BOOT, but boots a file.



  • Fixed integer overflow when calculating SD card free space

Beta 5 (v1.2)

  • Compatible with more SD cards.

Beta 3 (v1.0)

  • Improved the SD card compatibility
  • Enable HW_AHBPROT to fix RESET issue with CEIL1NG_CAT

Beta 2 (v0.9)

  • SD card performance has been improved, decreasing the boot and the NAND backup / restore time
  • backupmii accepts fragmented SD cards now, reformatting is not performed anymore. Old NAND dumps are still compatible.
  • boot2 patcher now works with boot2v4

Beta 1

  • First Public Release